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Biochem Biophys Res Commun September 29, 2006; 348 (3): 898-907.
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SALL4 is directly activated by TCF/LEF in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway.

Böhm J , Sustmann C , Wilhelm C , Kohlhase J .

The SALL4 promoter has not yet been characterized. Animal studies showed that SALL4 is downstream of and interacts with TBX5 during limb and heart development, but a direct regulation of SALL4 by TBX5 has not been demonstrated. For other SAL genes, regulation within the Shh, Wnt, and Fgf pathways has been reported. Chicken csal1 expression can be activated by a combination of Fgf4 and Wnt3a or Wnt7a. Murine Sall1 enhances, but Xenopus Xsal2 represses, the canonical Wnt signaling. Here we describe the cloning and functional analysis of the SALL4 promoter. Within a minimal promoter region of 31bp, we identified a consensus TCF/LEF-binding site. The SALL4 promoter was strongly activated not only by LEF1 but also by TCF4E. Mutation of the TCF/LEF-binding site resulted in decreased promoter activation. Our results demonstrate for the first time the direct regulation of a SALL gene by the canonical Wnt signaling pathway.

PubMed ID: 16899215
Article link: Biochem Biophys Res Commun

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: fgf4 lef1 sall1 sall2 sall4 shh tbx5 tcf7l2 wnt3a wnt7a