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J Biol Chem January 24, 2003; 278 (4): 2236-41.

Involvement of Aurora A kinase during meiosis I-II transition in Xenopus oocytes.

Castro A , Mandart E , Lorca T , Galas S .

The Aurora kinase family has been involved both in vivo and in vitro in the stability of the metaphase plate and chromosome segregation. However, to date only one member of this family, the protein kinase Aurora B, has been implicated in the regulation of meiotic division in Caenorhabditis elegans. In this species, disruption of Aurora B results in the failure of polar body extrusion. To investigate whether Aurora A is also required in meiosis, we microinjected highly specific alpha-Aurora A antibodies in Xenopus oocytes. We demonstrated that microinjected oocytes fail to extrude the first polar body and are arrested with condensed chromosomes on a typical metaphase I plate, which has not performed its normal 90 degrees rotation. We additionally found that, although the failure of first polar body extrusion observed in alpha-Aurora A-microinjected oocytes is likely mediated by Eg5, the impairment of the metaphase plate rotation does not involve this kinesin-like protein. Surprisingly, although chromosomes remain condensed at a metaphase I stage in alpha-Aurora A-microinjected oocytes, the cytoplasmic cell cycle events progress normally through meiosis until metaphase II arrest. Moreover, these oocytes are able to undergo parthenogenetic activation. We conclude that Aurora A and Eg5 are involved in meiosis I to meiosis II transition in Xenopus oocytes.

PubMed ID: 12426316
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: aurka kif11