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XB-ART-6684
BMC Neurosci August 15, 2002; 3 10.

Mechanistic distinctions between agrin and laminin-1 induced aggregation of acetylcholine receptors.

Lee LK , Kunkel DD , Stollberg J .


Abstract
BACKGROUND: One of the earliest steps in synaptogenesis at the neuromuscular junction is the aggregation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at the postsynaptic membrane. This study presents quantitative analyses of receptor and alpha-Dystroglycan aggregation in response to agrin and laminin-1, alone or in combination. RESULTS: Both laminin and agrin increased overall expression of receptors on the plasma membrane. Following a 24 hour exposure, agrin increased the number of receptor aggregates but did not affect the number of alpha-Dystroglycan aggregates, while the reverse was true of laminin-1. Laminin also increased receptor concentration within aggregates, while agrin had no such effect. Finally, the spatial distribution of aggregates was indistinguishable from random in the case of laminin, while agrin induced aggregates were closer together than predicted by a random model. CONCLUSIONS: Agrin and laminin-1 both increase acetylcholine receptor aggregate size after 24 hours, but several lines of evidence indicate that this is achieved via different mechanisms. Agrin and laminin had different effects on the number and density of receptor and alpha-Dystroglycan aggregates. Moreover the random distribution of laminin induced (as opposed to agrin induced) receptor aggregates suggests that the former may influence aggregate size by simple mass action effects due to increased receptor expression.

PubMed ID: 12182759
PMC ID: PMC126261
Article link: BMC Neurosci


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: dag1


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Bayne, Extracellular matrix organization in developing muscle: correlation with acetylcholine receptor aggregates. 1984, Pubmed