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Gene May 15, 2002; 290 (1-2): 193-201.
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Complementary DNA analysis, expression and subcellular localization of hnRNP E2 gene in Xenopus laevis.

Gravina P , Campioni N , Loreni F , Pierandrei-Amaldi P , Cardinali B .

The cloning and sequencing of complementary DNAs corresponding to the two copies (a and b) of the Xenopus laevis gene for hnRNP E2 is presented. Comparison of the two sequences reveals that while they are somewhat divergent at the nucleotide level, they are very conserved at the amino acid level. The analysis also showed two transcripts of different length (alpha and beta), likely generated by alternative processing. There are indications that either gene copy can generate both type of transcripts. Northern blot analysis in oocytes and developing embryos showed that hnRNP E2 RNA is constantly present and that increases in amount at tadpole stage. A semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis performed with RNA from developing embryos showed that long (alpha) transcript accumulation is constant during development, whereas the short one (beta) accumulation increases at later stages, thus determining the observed increase in total RNA. Nucleo-cytoplasm localization experiments indicated that in oocyte hnRNP E2 is exclusively cytoplasmic, whereas in somatic cells it is distributed in both compartments. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the two X. laevis hnRNP E2 with the corresponding mammalian sequences shows a high homology along the molecule except for the region subjected to alternative splicing, which is completely different. Moreover, there are indications that the homologous of mammalian hnRNP E1 gene, very related to and derived from hnRNP E2 by retrotransposition, is not expressed or even not present in X. laevis, suggesting that mammalian hnRNP E1 gene may have originated after mammal/amphybia divergence.

PubMed ID: 12062814
Article link: Gene

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: hnrnpc hnrnpdl myc pcbp3

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