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J Cell Biol January 7, 2002; 156 (1): 75-85.

Induction of maturation-promoting factor during Xenopus oocyte maturation uncouples Ca(2+) store depletion from store-operated Ca(2+) entry.

Machaca K , Haun S .

During oocyte maturation, eggs acquire the ability to generate specialized Ca(2+) signals in response to sperm entry. Such Ca(2+) signals are crucial for egg activation and the initiation of embryonic development. We examined the regulation during Xenopus oocyte maturation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), an important Ca(2+) influx pathway in oocytes and other nonexcitable cells. We have previously shown that SOCE inactivates during Xenopus oocyte meiosis. SOCE inactivation may be important in preventing premature egg activation. In this study, we investigated the correlation between SOCE inactivation and the Mos-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-maturation-promoting factor (MPF) kinase cascade, which drives Xenopus oocyte maturation. SOCE inactivation at germinal vesicle breakdown coincides with an increase in the levels of MAPK and MPF. By differentially inducing Mos, MAPK, and MPF, we demonstrate that the activation of MPF is necessary for SOCE inactivation during oocyte maturation. In contrast, sustained high levels of Mos kinase and the MAPK cascade have no effect on SOCE activation. We further show that preactivated SOCE is not inactivated by MPF, suggesting that MPF does not block Ca(2+) influx through SOCE channels, but rather inhibits coupling between store depletion and SOCE activation.

PubMed ID: 11781335
PMC ID: PMC1307503
Article link: J Cell Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cdk1 dtl mapk1 mos ran tbx2 wee1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Bement, Transformation of the amphibian oocyte into the egg: structural and biochemical events. 1990, Pubmed, Xenbase