Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Differentiation December 1, 2001; 69 (1): 27-37.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

Thyroid hormone-induced expression of sonic hedgehog correlates with adult epithelial development during remodeling of the Xenopus stomach and intestine.

Ishizuya-Oka A , Ueda S , Inokuchi T , Amano T , Damjanovski S , Stolow M , Shi YB .

Sonic hedgehog (Shh) was isolated from the Xenopus laevis intestine as an early thyroid hormone (TH) response gene. To investigate possible roles of TH-upregulated expression of Shh during metamorphosis, we raised a polyclonal antibody against Xenopus Shh and immunohistochemically examined the relationship between Shh expression and the larval-to-adult intestinal remodeling at the cellular level. Our results indicate that the epithelial-specific expression of Shh in the intestine spatiotemporally correlates well with active proliferation and/or initial differentiation of the secondary (adult) epithelial primordia that originate from stem cells, but not with apoptosis of the primary (larval) epithelium. Given the similar transformations of the stomach during metamorphosis, we also analyzed Shh expression in this organ and found similar correlations in the stomach, although the position of the adult epithelial primordia and their final differentiation in the stomach are different from those in the intestine. Furthermore, we show here that Shh expression is organ-autonomously induced by TH and its correlation with the adult epithelial development is reproduced in vitro in both the intestine and the stomach. More importantly, addition of recombinant Shh protein to the culture medium results in developmental anomalies of both organs. However, differentiation of the adult epithelium is more severely inhibited by exogenous Shh in the intestine than in the stomach. These results suggest that TH-upregulated expression of Shh plays important roles in the postembryonic gastrointestinal remodeling, but its roles are at least partially different between the intestine and the stomach.

PubMed ID: 11776392
Article link: Differentiation

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: fabp2 pcna shh

Article Images: [+] show captions