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J Neurosci December 1, 2001; 21 (23): 9224-34.
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Expression of the P2Y1 nucleotide receptor in chick muscle: its functional role in the regulation of acetylcholinesterase and acetylcholine receptor.

Choi RC , Man ML , Ling KK , Ip NY , Simon J , Barnard EA , Tsim KW .

In vertebrate neuromuscular junctions, ATP is stored at the motor nerve terminals and is co-released with acetylcholine during neural stimulation. Here, we provide several lines of evidence that the synaptic ATP can act as a synapse-organizing factor to induce the expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in muscles, mediated by a metabotropic ATP receptor subtype, the P2Y(1) receptor. The activation of the P2Y(1) receptor by adenine nucleotides stimulated the accumulation of inositol phosphates and intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization in cultured chick myotubes. P2Y(1) receptor mRNA in chicken muscle is very abundant before hatching and again increases in the adult. The P2Y(1) receptor protein is shown to be restricted to the neuromuscular junctions and colocalized with AChRs in adult muscle (chicken, Xenopus, and rat) but not in the chick embryo. In chicks after hatching, this P2Y(1) localization develops over approximately 3 weeks. Denervation or crush of the motor nerve (in chicken or rat) caused up to 90% decrease in the muscle P2Y(1) transcript, which was restored on regeneration, whereas the AChR mRNA greatly increased. Last, mRNAs encoding the AChE catalytic subunit and the AChR alpha-subunit were induced when the P2Y(1) receptors were activated by specific agonists or by overexpression of P2Y(1) receptors in cultured myotubes; those agonists likewise induced the activity in the myotubes of promoter-reporter gene constructs for those subunits, actions that were blocked by a P2Y(1)-specific antagonist. These results provide evidence for a novel function of ATP in regulating the gene expression of those two postsynaptic effectors.

PubMed ID: 11717356
PMC ID: PMC6763911
Article link: J Neurosci

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ache p2ry1
Antibodies: Ache Ab1 P2ry1 Ab1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Akasu, Increase of acetylcholine-receptor sensitivity by adenosine triphosphate: a novel action of ATP on ACh-sensitivity. 1982, Pubmed