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Mol Cell Biol 1989 Dec 01;912:5395-403. doi: 10.1128/mcb.9.12.5395-5403.1989.
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Translocation of a store of maternal cytoplasmic c-myc protein into nuclei during early development.

Gusse M , Ghysdael J , Evan G , Soussi T , Méchali M .

The c-myc proto-oncogene is expressed as a maternal protein during oogenesis in Xenopus laevis, namely, in nondividing cells. A delayed translation of c-myc mRNA accumulated in early oocytes results in the accumulation of the protein during late oogenesis. The oocyte c-myc protein is unusually stable and is located in the cytoplasm, contrasting with its features in somatic cells. A mature oocyte contains a maternal c-myc protein stockpile of 4 x 10(5) to 6 x 10(5) times the level in a somatic growing cell. This level of c-myc protein is preserved only during the cleavage stage of the embryo. Fertilization triggers its rapid migration into the nuclei of the cleaving embryo and a change in the phosphorylation state of the protein. The c-myc protein content per nucleus decreases exponentially during the cleavage stage until a stoichiometric titration by the embryonic nuclei is reached during a 0.5-h period at the midblastula stage. Most of the maternal c-myc store is degraded by the gastrula stage. These observations implicate the participation of c-myc in the events linked to early embryonic development and the midblastula transition.

PubMed ID: 2685563
PMC ID: PMC363707
Article link: Mol Cell Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: myc

References [+] :
Adamson, Oncogenes in development. 1987, Pubmed