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J Physiol 1982 Jul 01;328:143-70.
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Cholinergic and catecholaminergic receptors in the Xenopus oocyte membrane.

Kusano K , Miledi R , Stinnakre J .

1. Neurotransmitter-receptors in the membrane of Xenopus oocytes have been studied using electrophysiological techniques. Neurotransmitters and related agents were applied while recording either membrane potential or membrane current. The majority of ovarian oocytes used were at stages IV and V.2. Three types of oocytes were examined: inner ovarian epithelium covered (e.c.) oocytes; epithelium manually removed (e.r.) oocytes; and collagenase treated (c.t.) ooctyes.3. Ovarian oocytes are sensitive to some cholinergic and catecholaminergic agents. Responses to serotonin were seldom observed and when present were much weaker than responses to other agents. No responses were observed to the amino acids: aspartate, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and glycine; or to octopamine and histamine.4. Acetylcholine (ACh) usually depolarized the membrane, in a dose-dependent manner, with threshold concentrations as low as 10(-9)m. The ACh-potential was due to an increase in Cl permeability and had a reversal potential around - 19 mV. The intracellular Cl ion activity, measured with a Cl-ion sensitive micro-electrode, was about 65 mm and the estimated Cl-ion equilibrium potential, E(Cl), agreed with the reversal potential of the ACh-potential.5. Curare (10(-4)m), tetrodotoxin (10(-6)m), or alpha-bungarotoxin (10(-6) g/ml.) did not block the response to 10(-6)m-ACh; whereas atropine (10(-7)m) blocked it. No response to nicotinic agents (e.g. nicotine, 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium) was observed. These results suggest that the ACh receptors in the oocyte membrane are muscarinic in nature.6. The apparent latency of the ACh potential, examined by ionophoretic application of ACh to e.r. oocytes and c.t. oocytes, ranged from 0.5 sec to over 20 sec. Intracellular injection of ACh was without effect.7. Responses to catecholamines were observed mostly in e.c. oocytes; while in e.r. and c.t. oocytes they were rare and of very small amplitudes.8. The usual response to both dopamine and (-)-epinephrine was a transient hyperpolarization manifested by an initial increase in K-permeability followed by a decrease. The latency of these responses ranged from 10 sec to over 30 sec and their reversal potential was nearly - 100 mV, which coincided with E(K).9. Oocytes responded to the beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, isoproterenol, as well as (-)-epinephrine. Pre-treatment with the beta-adrenergic receptor blocker, propranolol, abolished the response to both (-)-epinephrine and (-)-isoproterenol. The dopamine potential was also reduced considerably. Both the alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist, phenylephrine, and the alpha-adrenergic receptor blocker, phentolamine, were without effect.10. Maturation of the oocytes, induced in vivo by gonadotropin or in vitro by progesterone, led to loss of responsiveness to both cholinergic and catecholaminergic agents.

PubMed ID: 7131311
PMC ID: PMC1225651
Article link: J Physiol
Grant support: [+]

References [+] :
Artzt, Analogies between embryonic (T/t) antigens and adult major histocompatibility (H-2) antigens. 1975, Pubmed