XB-ART-18346Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 1996 Apr 01;1134:835-40.
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Vitellogenesis-related ovary cathepsin D from Xenopus laevis: purification and properties in comparison with liver cathepsin D.
Cathepsin D was purified from ovaries of Xenopus laevis by both QAE-cellulose and pepstatin-Sepharose chromatography and then characterized and compared with Xenopus liver cathepsin D. Ovary cathepsin D appeared predominantly as a 43-kilodalton (kDa) molecular mass, as revealed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, whereas the liver enzyme was obtained exclusively as a 36-kDa protein. The purified 43-kDa ovary enzyme cleaved vitellogenin limitedly to produce yolk proteins at pH 5.6. The specific activity of ovary cathepsin D was five to six times lower than that of the liver enzyme, as measured by hemoglobin-hydrolysis at pH 3, but the ovary enzyme was shown to be superior to the liver enzyme in terms of vitellogenin-cleaving activity, as examined at pH 5.6. Ovarian enzyme preparations contained variable amounts of 36-kDa species; this form was considered to be an autolytic product of the 43-kDa form arising during purification, because it was not detected in oocyte extracts but was generated by incubation of the purified 43-kDa enzyme alone in an acid solution. The conversion of the 43-kDa form by hepatic factors was accompanied by a marked increase in hemoglobin-hydrolytic activity.
PubMed ID: 8925451