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J Am Soc Nephrol 2005 Aug 01;168:2279-87. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2004100828.
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Aldosterone-induced serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 expression is accompanied by Nedd4-2 phosphorylation and increased Na+ transport in cortical collecting duct cells.

Flores SY , Loffing-Cueni D , Kamynina E , Daidié D , Gerbex C , Chabanel S , Dudler J , Loffing J , Staub O .

Aldosterone plays a central role in Na+ homeostasis by controlling Na+ reabsorption in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron involving the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). Part of the effects of aldosterone is mediated by serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 (Sgk1), a Ser/Thr kinase whose expression is rapidly induced by aldosterone and that increases in heterologous expression systems ENaC cell surface abundance and activity. Previous work in Xenopus laevis oocytes suggested that Sgk1 phosphorylates specific residues (Ser212 and Ser328) on the ubiquitin-protein ligase Nedd4-2, an enzyme that directly interacts with ENaC and negatively controls channel density at the plasma membrane. It further indicated that phosphorylation of Nedd4-2 led to impairment of ENaC/Nedd4-2 interaction and consequently to more channels at the cell surface. These data suggested a novel mode of aldosterone-dependent action, yet this was not demonstrated formally in epithelial cells that physiologically express ENaC. Here it is shown, with the use of an anti-phospho-Ser328-mNedd4-2 antibody, that 2 to 6 h of aldosterone treatment induces an increase in Nedd4-2 phosphorylation, both in a mouse cortical collecting duct cell line (mpkCCDcl4) and in kidneys of adrenalectomized rats. This augmentation, which is accompanied by a raise in Sgk1 expression and transepithelial Na+ transport, is sensitive to phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase inhibition, as is Sgk1 phosphorylation and Na+ transport. Hence, these data provide evidence in cortical collecting duct cells in vitro and in vivo that Sgk1-dependent phosphorylation of Nedd4-2 is part of the aldosterone response.

PubMed ID: 15958725
Article link: J Am Soc Nephrol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: nedd4 nedd4l sgk1