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Pflugers Arch 2004 Mar 01;4476:884-94. doi: 10.1007/s00424-003-1193-x.
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Extracellular Na+ removal attenuates rundown of the epithelial Na+-channel (ENaC) by reducing the rate of channel retrieval.

Volk T , Konstas AA , Bassalaý P , Ehmke H , Korbmacher C .

Regulation of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is important for the long-term control of arterial blood pressure as evidenced by gain of function mutations of ENaC causing Liddle's syndrome, a rare form of hereditary arterial hypertension. In Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing ENaC a spontaneous decline of ENaC currents over time, so-called rundown, is commonly observed. Mechanisms involved in rundown may be physiologically relevant and may be related to feedback regulation of ENaC by intra- or extracellular Na+. We tested the effect of extracellular Na+ removal on ENaC rundown. Spontaneous rundown of ENaC was largely prevented by extracellular Na+ removal and was partially prevented by primaquine suggesting that it is due to endocytic channel retrieval. Liddle's syndrome mutation caused a reduced rate of rundown, and in oocytes expressing the mutated channel extracellular Na+ removal not only prevented rundown but even increased the ENaC currents (runup). Acute exposure to high extracellular Na+ drastically reduced whole-cell currents and surface expression of wild-type ENaC, while these effects were much smaller in ENaC with Liddle's syndrome mutation consistent with a stabilization of the mutated channel in the plasma membrane. Interestingly, the apparent intracellular Na+ concentration [Na+](i-app) was high (>60 mM) in ENaC-expressing oocytes but rundown was not associated with a further increase in [Na+](i-app). We conclude that the inhibitory effect of extracellular Na+ removal on rundown is due to an inhibition of endocytic ENaC retrieval.

PubMed ID: 14704795
Article link: Pflugers Arch

References [+] :
Abriel, Feedback inhibition of rat amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. 1999, Pubmed, Xenbase