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Dev Biol 2003 Aug 01;2601:31-45. doi: 10.1016/s0012-1606(03)00222-7.
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A role for programmed cell death during early neurogenesis in xenopus.

Yeo W , Gautier J .

In vertebrates, little is known on the role of programmed cell death (PCD) occurring within the population of dividing neural precursors and newly formed neuroblasts during early neural development. During primary neurogenesis, PCD takes place within the neuroectoderm of Xenopus embryos in a reproducible stereotypic pattern, suggesting a role for PCD during the early development of the CNS. We find that the spatio-temporal pattern of PCD is unaffected in embryos in which cell proliferation has been blocked and whose neuroecotoderm contains half the normal number of cells. This shows that PCD is not dependent on cell division. It further suggests that PCD does not solely function to regulate absolute cell numbers within the neuroectoderm. We demonstrate that PCD can be reproducibly inhibited in vivo during primary neurogenesis by the overexpression of human Bcl-2. Following PCD inhibition, normal neurogenesis is disrupted, as seen by the expansion of the expression domains of XSox-2, XZicr-2, XNgnr-1, XMyT-1, and N-Tubulin, XNgnr-1 being the most affected. PCD inhibition, however, did not affect the outcome of lateral inhibition. We propose, then, that PCD regulates primary neurogenesis at the level of neuronal determination.

PubMed ID: 12885553
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: pcbd1