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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2000 Nov 01;2795:C1425-31. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.2000.279.5.C1425.
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Molecular characterization of a novel UT-A urea transporter isoform (UT-A5) in testis.

Fenton RA , Howorth A , Cooper GJ , Meccariello R , Morris ID , Smith CP .

Urea movement across plasma membranes is modulated by specialized transporter proteins that are products of two genes, termed UT-A and UT-B. These proteins play key roles in the urinary concentrating mechanism and fluid homeostasis. We have isolated and characterized a 1.4-kb cDNA from testes encoding a new isoform (UT-A5) belonging to the UT-A transporter family. For comparison, we also isolated a 2. 0-kb cDNA from mouse kidney inner medulla encoding the mouse UT-A3 homologue. The UT-A5 cDNA has a putative open reading frame encoding a 323-amino acid protein, making UT-A5 the smallest UT-A family member in terms of molecular size. Its putative topology is of particular interest, because it calls into question earlier models of UT-A transporter structure. Expression of UT-A5 cRNA in Xenopus oocytes mediates phloretin-inhibitable urea uptake and does not translocate water. The distribution of UT-A5 mRNA is restricted to the peritubular myoid cells forming the outermost layer of the seminiferous tubules within the testes and is not detected in kidney. UT-A5 mRNA levels are coordinated with the stage of testes development and increase 15 days postpartum, commensurate with the start of seminiferous tubule fluid movement.

PubMed ID: 11029290
Article link: Am J Physiol Cell Physiol