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Nucleic Acids Res 2000 Jun 15;2812:E59. doi: 10.1093/nar/28.12.e59.
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Real-time monitoring of in vitro transcriptional RNA synthesis using fluorescence resonance energy transfer.

Sei-Iida Y , Koshimoto H , Kondo S , Tsuji A .

We have developed a novel method for real-time monitoring of RNA synthesis in in vitro transcription reactions using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Two 15mer DNAs, either of which was labeled with Bodipy493/503 as a donor or Cy5 as an acceptor, were prepared. When the two fluorescent DNAs hybridized to adjacent locations on Xenopus: elongation factor 1-alpha (xelf1-alpha) RNA, the distance between the two fluorophores became very close, causing FRET to occur and resulting in changes in fluorescence spectra. A high accessibility 30mer site of xelf1-alpha RNA was found and excess amounts of a pair of donor and acceptor DNA probes that were complementary to the site were added to the in vitro transcription reaction solution. Changes in fluorescence spectra were observed in response to progression of xelf1-alpha RNA synthesis that showed that the fluorescent probes hybridized to the synthesized RNA. Furthermore, when probes hybridizing to the synthesized xelf1-alpha RNA with less efficiency were used to monitor the reaction, spectral changes in response to RNA synthesis were also observed. This result suggests that the probes hybridized to synthesizing RNA molecules before they folded to form secondary structure and that there is no need to select sites on the RNA for the probes, which is required for probes hybridizing to folded RNA molecules.

PubMed ID: 10871382
PMC ID: PMC102744
Article link: Nucleic Acids Res

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: elf1

References [+] :
Cardullo, Detection of nucleic acid hybridization by nonradiative fluorescence resonance energy transfer. 1988, Pubmed