XB-ART-12633Mol Pharmacol 1999 Aug 01;562:308-15.
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A transmembrane domain of the sulfonylurea receptor mediates activation of ATP-sensitive K(+) channels by K(+) channel openers.
ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels are a complex of an ATP-binding cassette transporter, the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR), and an inward rectifier K(+) channel subunit, Kir6.2. The diverse pharmacological responsiveness of K(ATP) channels from various tissues are thought to arise from distinct SUR isoforms. Thus, when assembled with Kir6. 2, the pancreatic beta cell isoform SUR1 is activated by the hyperglycemic drug diazoxide but not by hypotensive drugs like cromakalim, whereas the cardiac muscle isoform SUR2A is activated by cromakalim and not by diazoxide. We exploited these differences between SUR1 and SUR2A to pursue a chimeric approach designed to identify the structural determinants of SUR involved in the pharmacological activation of K(ATP) channels. Wild-type and chimeric SUR were coexpressed with Kir6.2 in Xenopus oocytes, and we studied the resulting channels with the patch-clamp technique in the excised inside-out configuration. The third transmembrane domain of SUR is found to be an important determinant of the response to cromakalim, which possibly harbors at least part of its binding site. Contrary to expectations, diazoxide sensitivity could not be linked specifically to the carboxyl-terminal end (nucleotide-binding domain 2) of SUR but appeared to involve complex allosteric interactions between transmembrane and nucleotide-binding domains. In addition to providing direct evidence for the structure-function relationship governing K(ATP) channel activation by potassium channel-opening drugs, a family of drugs of the highest therapeutic interest, these findings delineate the determinants of ligand specificity within the modular ATP-binding cassette-transporter architecture of SUR.
PubMed ID: 10419549
Article link: Mol Pharmacol
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: abcc8 abcc9