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Mol Endocrinol 1998 Oct 01;1210:1525-41.
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Functional interaction between the estrogen receptor and CTF1: analysis of the vitellogenin gene B1 promoter in yeast.

Tsai-Pflugfelder M , Gasser SM , Wahli W .

Eukaryotic gene expression depends on a complex interplay between the transcriptional apparatus and chromatin structure. We report here a yeast model system for investigating the functional interaction between the human estrogen receptor (hER) and CTF1, a member of the CTF/NFI transcription factor family. We show that a CTF1-fusion protein and the hER transactivate a synthetic promoter in yeast in a synergistic manner. This interaction requires the proline-rich transactivation domain of CTF1. When the natural estrogen-dependent vitellogenin B1 promoter is tested in yeast, CTF1 and CTF1-fusion proteins are unable to activate transcription, and no synergy is observed between hER, which activates the B1 promoter, and these factors. Chromatin structure analysis on this promoter reveals positioned nucleosomes at -430 to -270 (+/-20 bp) and at -270 to - 100 (+/-20 bp) relative to the start site of transcription. The positions of the nucleosomes remain unchanged upon hormone-dependent transcriptional activation of the promoter, and the more proximal nucleosome appears to mask the CTF/NFI site located at - 101 to -114. We conclude that a functional interaction of hER with the estrogen response element located upstream of a basal promoter occurs in yeast despite the nucleosomal organization of this promoter, whereas the interaction of CTF1 with its target site is apparently precluded by a nucleosome.

PubMed ID: 9773976
Article link: Mol Endocrinol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ctf1 vtgb1