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Mol Pharmacol 2006 Oct 01;704:1204-11. doi: 10.1124/mol.106.026203.
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Binding site of a novel Kv1.5 blocker: a "foot in the door" against atrial fibrillation.

Decher N , Kumar P , Gonzalez T , Pirard B , Sanguinetti MC .

Kv1.5 channel blockers prolong atrial action potentials and may prevent atrial flutter or fibrillation without affecting ventricular repolarization. Here we characterize the mechanisms of action of 2'-{[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-acetylamino]-methyl}-biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid (2-pyridin-3-yl-ethyl)-amide (AVE0118) on Kv1.5 channels heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Whole cell currents in oocytes were recorded using the two-microelectrode voltage clamp technique. AVE0118 blocked Kv1.5 current in oocytes with an IC50 of 5.6 microM. Block was enhanced by higher rates of stimulation, consistent with preferential binding of the drug to the open state of the channel. Ala-scanning mutagenesis of the pore domain of Kv1.5 identified the amino acids Thr479, Thr480, Val505, Ile508, Val512, and Val516 as important residues for block by AVE0118. A homology model of the pore region of Kv1.5 predicts that these six residues face toward the central cavity of the channel. In addition, mutation of two other S6 residues (Ile502 and Leu510) that are predicted to face away from the central cavity also diminished drug block. All these putative drug-binding residues are highly conserved in other Kv channels, explaining our finding that AVE0118 also blocked Kv1.3, Kv2.1, Kv3.1, and Kv4.3 channels with similar potency. Docking of AVE0118 into the inner cavity of a Kv1.5 pore homology model predicted an unusual binding mode. The drug aligned with the inner S6 alpha-helical domain in a manner predicted to block the putative activation gate. This "foot-in-the-door" binding mode is consistent with the observation that the drug slowed the rate of current deactivation, causing a crossover of tail current traces recorded before and after drug treatment.

PubMed ID: 16835355
PMC ID: PMC2845991
Article link: Mol Pharmacol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcna5 kcnc3