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J Biol Chem 1997 May 09;27219:12583-90.
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Early expression of a novel nucleotide receptor in the neural plate of Xenopus embryos.

Bogdanov YD , Dale L , King BF , Whittock N , Burnstock G .

Extracellular ATP functions as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator in the adult nervous system, and a signaling molecule in non-neural tissue, acting either via ligand-gated ion channels (P2X) or G-protein-coupled receptors (P2Y). ATP can cause an increase in intracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+i) in embryonic cells and so regulate cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. We have isolated a Xenopus cDNA encoding a novel P2Y receptor, XlP2Y, which is expressed abundantly in developing embryos. Recombinant XlP2Y responds equally to all five naturally occurring nucleoside triphosphates (ATP, UTP, CTP, GTP, and ITP), which elicit a biphasic Ca2+-dependent Cl- current (ICl,Ca) where the second phase persists for up to 60 min. XlP2Y also causes a continuous release of Ca2+i and a low level persistent activation of ICl,Ca in Xenopus oocytes through the spontaneous efflux of ATP. mRNAs for XlP2Y are expressed transiently in the neural plate and tailbud during Xenopus development, coincident with neurogenesis. This restricted pattern of expression and novel pharmacological features confer unique properties to XlP2Y, which may play a key role in the early development of neural tissue.

PubMed ID: 9139711
Article link: J Biol Chem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: h4c4 p2ry1 p2ry4 p2ry6

Article Images: [+] show captions