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XB-ART-18691
Adv Exp Med Biol 1996 Jan 01;416:113-9.
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Acetylation of sphingosine by PAF-dependent transacetylase.

Lee T .


Abstract
Sphingosine induces many protein kinase C-dependent and -independent effects on biological systems. In parallel, C2-ceramide used by investigators as an unnatural, cell permeable analog of long-chain acyl-ceramides, possesses biological activities similar with natural ceramides. We have recently characterized a membrane-associated. CoA-independent transacetylase that can transfer the acetate group from PAF to sphingosine and form C2-ceramide. This enzyme has a strict stereochemical configuration requirement for sphingosine; only the naturally-occurring D-erythro-isomers of sphingosine accepts the acetate from PAF. Also, it has a rigid substrate specificity for sphingolipid-related analogues. Dipalmitoyl-glycerophosphocholine (-GPC) or hexadecylarachidonoyl-GPC can not transfer their long-chain acyl groups directly to sphingosine and sphingosine can not be acetylated by acetyl-CoA:lyso-PAF acetyltransferase. Results obtained from studies on pH optima, subcellular distribution, temperature sensitivities, inhibitors, tissue distributions, and expression of enzyme activities in Xenopus oocytes suggest that PAF:sphingosine transacetylase is similar, but not identical to the PAF:lysophospholipid transacetylase we have previously identified. The transacetylases function to diversify the biological responses of PAF.

PubMed ID: 9131136

Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: gypc pafah1b2