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Eur J Cell Biol 2005 Mar 01;842-3:295-309.
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Emerin expression in early development of Xenopus laevis.

Gareiss M , Eberhardt K , Krüger E , Kandert S , Böhm C , Zentgraf H , Müller CR , Dabauvalle MC .

Emerin is an integral protein of the inner nuclear membrane in the majority of differentiated vertebrate cells. In humans, deficiency of emerin causes a progressive muscular dystrophy of the Emery-Dreifuss type. The physiological role of emerin is poorly understood. By screening and sequencing of EST clones we have identified two emerin homologues in Xenopus laevis, Xemerin1 and Xemerin2. Xemerins share with mammalian emerins the N-terminal LEM domain and a single transmembrane domain at the C-terminus. As shown by immunoblot analysis with Xemerin-specific antibodies, both proteins have an apparent molecular mass of 24 kDa but differ in their isoelectric points. Xemerin1 and Xemerin2 proteins are not detectable in oocytes nor during early embryogenesis. Protein expression is first found at stage 43 and persists in somatic cells. However, RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis show Xemerin mRNAs of approximately 4.0 kb to be present in oocytes and throughout embryogenesis. During embryogenesis the level of Xemerin mRNAs increases at stage 22 and is particularly abundant in mesodermal and neuro-ectodermal regions of the embryo. These data provide the necessary background to further investigate the role of emerin in nuclear envelope assembly, gene expression and organ development of X. laevis as a model organism.

PubMed ID: 15819409
Article link: Eur J Cell Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: emd lmnb2 lmnb3
Antibodies: Lmnb2/3 Ab2

Disease Ontology terms: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy [+]