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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1994 Mar 15;916:2056-60.
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An3 mRNA encodes an RNA helicase that colocalizes with nucleoli in Xenopus oocytes in a stage-specific manner.

Gururajan R , Mathews L , Longo FJ , Weeks DL .

An3 is a maternal mRNA localized to the animal hemisphere of oocytes and early embryos. We have analyzed the enzymatic activity and the subcellular localization of the protein encoded by An3 mRNA during Xenopus oogenesis. Antibodies raised using recombinant full-length and truncated An3 protein recognized a single protein in Xenopus and single proteins from HeLa cells, Drosophila, mouse testes, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. An3 protein immunoprecipitated from stage IV and stage VI oocytes had ATP-dependent RNA helicase activity. The subcellular location of An3 protein changed during oocyte development. In previtellogenic oocytes, An3 was present throughout the nucleus; cytoplasmic localization was relatively sparse. Nuclear localization in mid-vitellogenic oocytes was primarily nucleolar; cytoplasmic staining increased relative to earlier stages. In stage VI oocytes, An3 protein was detected only in the cytoplasm. The temporal change in An3 protein localization is consistent with a role in the production of large maternal pools of rRNA during oogenesis.

PubMed ID: 8134348
PMC ID: PMC43308
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ddx3x
Antibodies: Fbl Ab3

References [+] :
Caizergues-Ferrer, Developmental expression of fibrillarin and U3 snRNA in Xenopus laevis. 1991, Pubmed, Xenbase