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J Neurosci 1986 Aug 01;68:2290-7.
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Actions of pentobarbital on rat brain receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes.

Parker I , Gundersen CB , Miledi R .

Functional receptor channels activated by GABA and other neurotransmitters were "transplanted" from rat brain to Xenopus oocytes by injecting the oocytes with total poly(A)+ mRNA isolated from rat or chick brain. Membrane currents elicited in the oocyte by GABA inverted polarity at about the chloride equilibrium potential (ca. -25 mV). Pentobarbital potentiated the GABA-activated currents, without appreciably changing the reversal potential or form of the current-voltage relationship. At low (less than 10(-5) M) concentrations of GABA, pentobarbital (100 microM) potentiated the responses by a factor of 10 or more, but responses to high (ca. 1 mM) concentrations of GABA were almost unchanged. Half-maximal activation of the response was obtained with about 3 X 10(-5) M GABA when applied alone and with about 4 X 10(-6) M GABA when applied together with 100 microM pentobarbital. At low doses of GABA, the size of the current increased as the 1.4th power of GABA concentration, but this relationship became nearly linear in the presence of pentobarbital. The potentiation of the GABA response increased linearly with concentrations of pentobarbital up to about 300 microM, reaching a maximum of about 50-fold. At higher concentrations of pentobarbital, the response to GABA declined. Relaxations of GABA-activated currents following voltage steps became slower in the presence of pentobarbital, suggesting that the open life-time of the channels was prolonged. In addition to actions on GABA-activated currents, pentobarbital itself elicited a small membrane current that inverted polarity at a potential (-10 mV) more positive than the GABA-activated current.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PubMed ID: 2875136
PMC ID: PMC6568754
Article link: J Neurosci