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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1985 Jan 01;822:608-11.
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Choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholine in Xenopus oocytes injected with mRNA from the electric lobe of Torpedo.

Gundersen CB , Jenden DJ , Miledi R .

Xenopus oocytes were injected with poly(A)+ mRNA obtained from the electric lobes of Torpedo marmorata and Torpedo ocellata, which contain the cell bodies of the neurons that innervate the electric organs. The electric lobe mRNA preparation induces the oocytes to synthesize a catalytically active form of the enzyme choline acetyltransferase (EC Enzymatic activity is found almost exclusively in the cytoplasmic fraction of injected, but not control, oocytes. Evidence is presented that distinguishes between the induced choline acetyltransferase activity and an intrinsic carnitine acetyltransferase activity present in the oocytes. This latter enzyme is associated principally with particulate fractions of the oocyte. The level of acetylcholine, which accumulates in mRNA-injected oocytes, is relatively insensitive to pharmacological manipulations that alter the acetylcholine content of other cells. These results show that Xenopus oocytes may be used advantageously to study functional properties of polypeptides associated with presynaptic elements in the nervous system.

PubMed ID: 2857491
PMC ID: PMC397090
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
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References [+] :
Abe, Isolation and characterization of presynaptically acting neurotoxins from the venom of Bungarus snakes. 1978, Pubmed