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Dev Biol 1983 Dec 01;1002:412-25.
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Two-dimensional gel analysis of the fate of oocyte nuclear proteins in the development of Xenopus laevis.

Dreyer C , Hausen P .

The amphibian oocyte nucleus is thought to provide a maternal store of protein required in embryogenesis. The fate of germinal vesicle proteins has been studied by comparing polypeptide patterns of oocytes, embryos, and several adult organs of Xenopus laevis on two-dimensional gels. A combination of silver staining and fluorography of radiolabeled protein on gels was used to analyze maternal and newly synthesized polypeptides in embryogenesis. Comparison of protein patterns was facilitated and corroborated by application of monoclonal antibodies against several germinal vesicle proteins. These were characterized by immunoblotting from two-dimensional gels, and polypeptides of identical structure were recognized in oocyte nuclei, embryos, and tadpoles. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) Almost all prevalent germinal vesicle proteins can be continuously traced in embryos up to swimming tadpole stages, although their patterns of new synthesis are greatly different, some are not radiolabeled in the embryo but solely provided by the maternal store. (2) Many of the polypeptides occurring in oocyte nuclei are also found in one or several organs of the adult. (3) Tissue specificities of germinal vesicle proteins, previously detected by immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies, could be confirmed by independent biochemical methods. (4) As has been previously shown by immunohistological methods, oocyte nuclear antigens are shed into the cytoplasm of the maturing egg, and are reaccumulated in the nuclei of the embryonic cells, each at a characteristic developmental stage. These shifts between intracellular compartments are not accompanied by a change of the covalent structure of the antigen.

PubMed ID: 6653879
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Antibodies: Germinal Vesicle Ab1 Germinal Vesicle Ab2 Germinal Vesicle Ab3 Germinal Vesicle Ab4