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Dev Biol 2006 Jul 01;2951:26-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.02.041.
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Xenopus ADAMTS1 negatively modulates FGF signaling independent of its metalloprotease activity.

Suga A , Hikasa H , Taira M .

We have isolated the Xenopus ortholog of ADAMTS1 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs), XADAMTS1, which is expressed in the presumptive ectoderm, then the Spemann organizer, and later in the trunk organizer region and posterior ectoderm in the Xenopus embryo. We show that, when overexpressed in the dorsal marginal zone or in the anterior ectoderm by mRNA injection, XADAMTS1 inhibits gastrulation or generates embryos with an enlarged cement gland, respectively. XADAMTS1 also reduces the expression of Xbra in both whole embryos and FGF-treated animal caps. These effects of XADAMTS1 are likely to be due to its inhibition of the Ras-MAPK cascade because XADAMTS1 inhibits the phosphorylation of ERK by FGF4 in animal caps. Deletion analysis of XADAMTS1 revealed that a combination of the signal peptide and the C-terminal region containing the thrombospondin type 1 repeats is necessary and sufficient for this function, whereas the metalloprotease domain is dispensable. In addition, loss-of-function analysis with antisense morpholino oligos showed that knockdown of XADAMTS1 sensitizes animal caps to Xbra induction by FGF2. These data suggest that secreted XADAMTS1 negatively modulates FGF signaling in the Xenopus embryo.

PubMed ID: 16690049
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: adam28.2 adamts1 fgf2 fgf4 fgf8 lhx1 mapk1 tbxt
Morpholinos: adamts1 MO1 adamts1 MO2

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