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XB-ART-35038
Mol Endocrinol 2007 Mar 01;213:664-73. doi: 10.1210/me.2006-0256.
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The role of Xenopus membrane progesterone receptor beta in mediating the effect of progesterone on oocyte maturation.

Josefsberg Ben-Yehoshua L , Lewellyn AL , Thomas P , Maller JL .


Abstract
Rapid, nongenomic membranal effects of progesterone were demonstrated in amphibian oocytes more than 30 y ago. Recently, a distinct family of membrane progestin receptors (mPRs) has been cloned in fish and other vertebrate species. In this study we explore the role of mPR in promoting oocyte maturation in Xenopus laevis. RT-PCR analysis indicates that Xenopus oocytes contain transcripts for the mPRbeta ortholog, similar to what has been reported in zebrafish oocytes, and Western blotting shows that the protein is expressed on the oocyte plasma membrane. Microinjection of mPRbeta-specific antibodies into oocytes resulted in a dramatic inhibition of progesterone-dependent oocyte maturation, whereas microinjection of mRNA encoding Myc-Xenopus mPR (XmPR)beta resulted in an accelerated rate of progesterone-induced oocyte maturation, concomitant with membranal localization of the protein. Binding studies in mammalian cells expressing XmPRbeta confirmed specific binding of progesterone by the expressed protein. These results suggest that XmPRbeta is a physiological progesterone receptor involved in initiating the resumption of meiosis during maturation of Xenopus oocytes.

PubMed ID: 17185392
Article link: Mol Endocrinol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: gpr12l myc paqr8 pgrmc1
Antibodies: Paqr6 Ab1 Paqr6 Ab2


Article Images: [+] show captions