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Int J Dev Biol 2007 Jan 01;518:701-6. doi: 10.1387/ijdb.072293mk.
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Centroid, a novel putative DEAD-box RNA helicase maternal mRNA, is localized in the mitochondrial cloud in Xenopus laevis oocytes.

Kloc M , Chan AP .

In Xenopus species, the early stages of oogenesis take place in the developing tadpole ovary when the oocytes are in a period critical for the organization of the germ plasm (believed to be a determinant of germ-cell fate) and the initial stages of localization of RNAs involved in germ plasm functions. We constructed a cDNA library from the ovaries of stage 64 Xenopus tadpoles with the idea that it will be enriched for oogonia and pre-stage I and stage I oocytes and thus, RNAs involved in oocyte development and germ plasm formation and function. From this cDNA library, we cloned a new maternal localized mRNA which we named centroid. This RNA codes for the protein belonging to the DEAD-box RNA helicase family. Some of the members of this protein family are components of the messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) particles stored in the germ plasm in oocytes of Xenopus, Drosophila and Caenorhabditis species and are believed to play a role in translational activation of stored mRNPs and sorting of mRNPs into the germ plasm. We found that centroid mRNA is localized in Xenopus oocytes by a combination of early and late pathways, a pattern of localization that is very similar to the intermediate pathway localization of fatvg mRNA, another germ-plasm-localized RNA in Xenopus oocytes. Also, centroid mRNA is present in the mitochondrial cloud and in the germ plasm at the surface of germinal granules. This suggests that centroid is involved in the regulation of germ plasm-stored mRNPs and/or germ plasm function.

PubMed ID: 17939116
Article link: Int J Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ddx59 plin2

Article Images: [+] show captions