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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2010 Sep 15;2473:229-37. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2010.07.001.
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Divergent actions of the pyrethroid insecticides S-bioallethrin, tefluthrin, and deltamethrin on rat Na(v)1.6 sodium channels.

Tan J , Soderlund DM .

We expressed rat Na(v)1.6 sodium channels in combination with the rat beta(1) and beta(2) auxiliary subunits in Xenopus laevis oocytes and evaluated the effects of the pyrethroid insecticides S-bioallethrin, deltamethrin, and tefluthrin on expressed sodium currents using the two-electrode voltage clamp technique. S-Bioallethrin, a type I structure, produced transient modification evident in the induction of rapidly decaying sodium tail currents, weak resting modification (5.7% modification at 100 microM), and no further enhancement of modification upon repetitive activation by high-frequency trains of depolarizing pulses. By contrast deltamethrin, a type II structure, produced sodium tail currents that were ~9-fold more persistent than those caused by S-bioallethrin, barely detectable resting modification (2.5% modification at 100 microM), and 3.7-fold enhancement of modification upon repetitive activation. Tefluthrin, a type I structure with high mammalian toxicity, exhibited properties intermediate between S-bioallethrin and deltamethrin: intermediate tail current decay kinetics, much greater resting modification (14.1% at 100 microM), and 2.8-fold enhancement of resting modification upon repetitive activation. Comparison of concentration-effect data showed that repetitive depolarization increased the potency of tefluthrin approximately 15-fold and that tefluthrin was approximately 10-fold more potent than deltamethrin as a use-dependent modifier of Na(v)1.6 sodium channels. Concentration-effect data from parallel experiments with the rat Na(v)1.2 sodium channel coexpressed with the rat beta(1) and beta(2) subunits in oocytes showed that the Na(v)1.6 isoform was at least 15-fold more sensitive to tefluthrin and deltamethrin than the Na(v)1.2 isoform. These results implicate sodium channels containing the Na(v)1.6 isoform as potential targets for the central neurotoxic effects of pyrethroids.

PubMed ID: 20624410
PMC ID: PMC2929565
Article link: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: scn8a

References [+] :
Auld, A rat brain Na+ channel alpha subunit with novel gating properties. 1990, Pubmed, Xenbase