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XB-ART-41813
Science 2010 Sep 10;3295997:1337-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1191184.
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Planar cell polarity acts through septins to control collective cell movement and ciliogenesis.

Kim SK , Shindo A , Park TJ , Oh EC , Ghosh S , Gray RS , Lewis RA , Johnson CA , Attie-Bittach T , Katsanis N , Wallingford JB .


Abstract
The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway governs collective cell movements during vertebrate embryogenesis, and certain PCP proteins are also implicated in the assembly of cilia. The septins are cytoskeletal proteins controlling behaviors such as cell division and migration. Here, we identified control of septin localization by the PCP protein Fritz as a crucial control point for both collective cell movement and ciliogenesis in Xenopus embryos. We also linked mutations in human Fritz to Bardet-Biedl and Meckel-Gruber syndromes, a notable link given that other genes mutated in these syndromes also influence collective cell movement and ciliogenesis. These findings shed light on the mechanisms by which fundamental cellular machinery, such as the cytoskeleton, is regulated during embryonic development and human disease.

PubMed ID: 20671153
PMC ID: PMC3509789
Article link: Science
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: wdpcp
GO keywords: gastrulation with mouth forming second [+]
Antibodies: Tuba4b Ab2 Wdpcp Ab1

Disease Ontology terms: Meckel syndrome [+]
OMIMs: MECKEL SYNDROME, TYPE 6; MKS6 [+]
References [+] :
Barral, Cell biology. Septins at the nexus. 2010, Pubmed, Xenbase