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Genes Cells 2011 Jun 01;166:728-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2011.01520.x.
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Essential roles of Xenopus TRF2 in telomere end protection and replication.

Muraki K , Nabetani A , Nishiyama A , Ishikawa F .

TRF1 and TRF2 are double-stranded (ds) telomere DNA-binding proteins and the core members of shelterin, a complex that provides the structural and functional basis of telomere functions. We have reported that unlike mammalian TRF1 that constitutively binds to chromatin, Xenopus TRF1 (xTRF1) associates with mitotic chromatin but dissociates from interphase chromatin reconstituted in Xenopus egg extracts. This finding raised the possibility that xTRF1 and Xenopus TRF2 (xTRF2) contribute to telomere functions in a manner different from mammalian TRF1 and TRF2. Here, we focused on the role of xTRF2. We prepared chromatin reconstituted in egg extracts immunodepleted for xTRF2. Compared to mock-depleted nuclei, DNA damage response at telomeres was activated, and bulk DNAs were poorly replicated in xTRF2-depleted nuclei. The replication defect was rescued by inactivating ATR through the addition of anti-ATR neutralizing antibody, suggesting that ATR plays a role in the defect. Interestingly, the bulk DNA replication defect, but not the DNA damage response at telomeres, was rescued by supplementing the xTRF2-depleted extracts with recombinant xTRF2 (rTRF2). We propose that xTRF2 is required for both efficient replication of bulk DNA and protection from the activation of the DNA damage checkpoints pathway, and that those two functions are mechanistically separable.

PubMed ID: 21554499
Article link: Genes Cells

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: atm atr cds1 chek1 nbn pot1 rad17 terf1 terf2
Antibodies: Atm Ab1 Nbn Ab1 Pot1 Ab1 Rad17 Ab1 Terf2 Ab1