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Br J Pharmacol 2012 Jan 01;1652:390-400. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01534.x.
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Molecular basis of selective antagonism of the P2X1 receptor for ATP by NF449 and suramin: contribution of basic amino acids in the cysteine-rich loop.

El-Ajouz S , Ray D , Allsopp RC , Evans RJ .

The cysteine-rich head region, which is adjacent to the proposed ATP-binding pocket in the extracellular ligand-binding loop of P2X receptors for ATP, is absent in the antagonist-insensitive Dictyostelium receptors. In this study we have determined the contribution of the head region to the antagonist action of NF449 and suramin at the human P2X1 receptor.Chimeras and point mutations in the cysteine-rich head region were made between human P2X1 and P2X2 receptors. Mutant receptors were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and P2X receptor currents characterized using two-electrode voltage clamp.The chimera replacing the region between the third and fourth conserved cysteine residues of the P2X1 receptor with the corresponding part of P2X2 reduced NF449 sensitivity a thousand fold from an IC(50) of ∼1 nM at the P2X1 receptor to that of the P2X2 receptor (IC(50) ∼1 µM). A similar decrease in sensitivity resulted from mutation of four positively charged P2X1 receptor residues in this region that are absent from the P2X2 receptor. These chimeras and mutations were also involved in determining sensitivity to the antagonist suramin. Reciprocal chimeras and mutations in the P2X2 receptor produced modest increases in antagonist sensitivity.These data indicate that a cluster of positively charged residues at the base of the cysteine-rich head region can account for the highly selective antagonism of the P2X1 receptor by the suramin derivative NF449.

PubMed ID: 21671897
PMC ID: PMC3268193
Article link: Br J Pharmacol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: p2rx1 p2rx2 p2rx4

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Alexander, Guide to Receptors and Channels (GRAC), 5th edition. 2011, Pubmed