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XB-ART-45327
Biochem J 2012 Aug 15;4461:47-58. doi: 10.1042/BJ20120467.
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Embryonic poly(A)-binding protein (EPAB) is required for oocyte maturation and female fertility in mice.

Guzeloglu-Kayisli O , Lalioti MD , Aydiner F , Sasson I , Ilbay O , Sakkas D , Lowther KM , Mehlmann LM , Seli E .


Abstract
Gene expression during oocyte maturation and early embryogenesis up to zygotic genome activation requires translational activation of maternally-derived mRNAs. EPAB [embryonic poly(A)-binding protein] is the predominant poly(A)-binding protein during this period in Xenopus, mouse and human. In Xenopus oocytes, ePAB stabilizes maternal mRNAs and promotes their translation. To assess the role of EPAB in mammalian reproduction, we generated Epab-knockout mice. Although Epab(-/-) males and Epab(+/-) of both sexes were fertile, Epab(-/-) female mice were infertile, and could not generate embryos or mature oocytes in vivo or in vitro. Epab(-/-) oocytes failed to achieve translational activation of maternally-stored mRNAs upon stimulation of oocyte maturation, including Ccnb1 (cyclin B1) and Dazl (deleted in azoospermia-like) mRNAs. Microinjection of Epab mRNA into Epab(-/-) germinal vesicle stage oocytes did not rescue maturation, suggesting that EPAB is also required for earlier stages of oogenesis. In addition, late antral follicles in the ovaries of Epab(-/-) mice exhibited impaired cumulus expansion, and a 8-fold decrease in ovulation, associated with a significant down-regulation of mRNAs encoding the EGF (epidermal growth factor)-like growth factors Areg (amphiregulin), Ereg (epiregulin) and Btc (betacellulin), and their downstream regulators, Ptgs2 (prostaglandin synthase 2), Has2 (hyaluronan synthase 2) and Tnfaip6 (tumour necrosis factor α-induced protein 6). The findings from the present study indicate that EPAB is necessary for oogenesis, folliculogenesis and female fertility in mice.

PubMed ID: 22621333
PMC ID: PMC3955213
Article link: Biochem J
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: areg btc ccnb1 dazl egf ereg has2 pabpc1l pabpc4 ptgs2 tnfaip6

References [+] :
Adashi, Endocrinology of the ovary. 1994, Pubmed