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Mol Cell Proteomics 2003 Nov 01;211:1205-16. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M300035-MCP200.
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Protein components of mitochondrial DNA nucleoids in higher eukaryotes.

Bogenhagen DF , Wang Y , Shen EL , Kobayashi R .

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is not packaged in nucleosomal particles, but has been reported to associate with the mitochondrial inner membrane. Gentle lysis of Xenopus oocyte mitochondria with nonionic detergent liberates a nucleoprotein complex containing mtDNA associated with a previously characterized DNA binding partner, mitochondrial transcription factor A (mtTFA), as well as a series of inner membrane proteins identified by sequencing. More extensive detergent treatment stripped most of these proteins from the DNA, leaving a limited number of proteins in a nucleoid core. Sequencing of the major proteins retained in association with mtDNA revealed the expected mtDNA binding proteins, mtTFA and mitochondrial single-stranded DNA binding protein (mtSSB), as well as four proteins not previously reported to associate with mtDNA. These include adenine nucleotide translocator 1, the lipoyl-containing E2 subunits of pyruvate dehydrogenase and branched chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase and prohibitin 2. The association of several of these proteins with mtTFA-containing mtDNA nucleoids was confirmed by immunoprecipitation.

PubMed ID: 14514796
Article link: Mol Cell Proteomics
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: phb1 tfam