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Mech Dev 2003 Aug 01;1208:865-80. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(03)00160-6.
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Involvement of Xenopus Pumilio in the translational regulation that is specific to cyclin B1 mRNA during oocyte maturation.

Nakahata S , Kotani T , Mita K , Kawasaki T , Katsu Y , Nagahama Y , Yamashita M .

Protein synthesis of cyclin B by translational activation of the dormant mRNA stored in oocytes is required for normal progression of maturation. In this study, we investigated the involvement of Xenopus Pumilio (XPum), a cyclin B1 mRNA-binding protein, in the mRNA-specific translational activation. XPum exhibits high homology to mammalian counterparts, with amino acid identity close to 90%, even if the conserved RNA-binding domain is excluded. XPum is bound to cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE)-binding protein (CPEB) through the RNA-binding domain but not to its phosphorylated form in mature oocytes. In addition to the CPE, the XPum-binding sequence of cyclin B1 mRNA acts as a cis-element for translational repression. Injection of anti-XPum antibody accelerated oocyte maturation and synthesis of cyclin B1, and, conversely, over-expression of XPum retarded oocyte maturation and translation of cyclin B1 mRNA, which was accompanied by inhibition of poly(A) tail elongation. The injection of antibody and the over-expression of XPum, however, had no effect on translation of Mos mRNA, which also contains the CPE. These findings provide the first evidence that XPum is a translational repressor specific to cyclin B1 in vertebrates. We propose that in cooperation with the CPEB-maskin complex, the master regulator common to the CPE-containing mRNAs, XPum acts as a specific regulator that determines the timing of translational activation of cyclin B1 mRNA by its release from phosphorylated CPEB during oocyte maturation.

PubMed ID: 12963108
Article link: Mech Dev

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ccnb1 cpeb1 mos pum1 tacc3
Antibodies: Pum1 Ab1 Pum1 Ab2 Pum1 Ab3