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Drug Metabol Drug Interact 2013 Jan 01;284:247-50. doi: 10.1515/dmdi-2013-0050.
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Caffeic acid inhibits organic anion transporters OAT1 and OAT3 in rat kidney.

Uwai Y , Kawasaki T , Nabekura T .

Some food components influence drug elimination. Previously, we found that caffeic acid, present in coffee, fruits, and vegetables, strongly inhibited human homologs of organic anion transporters (OATs) OAT1 and OAT3, which are responsible for renal tubular secretion of anionic drugs. In this study, we examined the effect of caffeic acid on drug transport by OAT1 and OAT3 in the rat kidney. The inhibitory effect of caffeic acid on rat OAT1 and OAT3 was assessed by drug uptake experiment using Xenopus laevis oocytes. Urinary excretion of phenolsulfonphthalein (PSP), a diagnostic agent secreted by renal OATs, was examined in rats, and the influence of caffeic acid was evaluated. Expression of rat OAT1 (rOAT1) and rOAT3 stimulated uptake of their typical substrates, p-aminohippurate and estrone sulfate, respectively, into oocytes, and caffeic acid inhibited them dose dependently. After intravenous injection of PSP in rats, 42.7% of the dose was excreted into urine up to 60 min, and the simultaneous administration of caffeic acid reduced it to 32.0%. These findings show that caffeic acid inhibits OAT1 and OAT3 in the rat kidney.

PubMed ID: 24166669
Article link: Drug Metabol Drug Interact

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnk3 msmb.1 slc22a6