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Gene Expr Patterns 2014 May 01;151:61-6. doi: 10.1016/j.gep.2014.04.004.
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Distal expression of sprouty (spry) genes during Xenopus laevis limb development and regeneration.

Wang YH , Beck CW .

The eukaryotic Sprouty (Spry) proteins are negative regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways, which in turn provide readout for morphogens such as fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) that are essential for many developmental processes, including limb development. In a transcriptome analysis of early proximo-distal patterning of the Xenopus laevis limb bud, spry1a, 2 and 4 were predicted to be expressed predominantly in the distal third. Expression of all three in the distal limb initially corresponded to the progress zone mesenchyme, adjacent to the fgf8b-positive cryptic apical ectodermal ridge (AER). Spry2 transcripts were also expressed ectodermally, and later localized to the AER. During formation of the autopod, spry1a and spry4 became restricted to the anterior distal mesenchyme. All three spry genes were re-expressed in the mesenchyme cells of the blastema during hindlimb regeneration, with spry2 also overlapping with the region of fgf8b re-expression. However, the anterior bias seen in developing limbs was not recapitulated. We conclude that Spry1a, 2 and 4 have partially overlapping expression in developing and regenerating Xenopus limbs, which correspond with known areas of Fgf signaling. Sprys may therefore be involved in refining of Fgf signal transduction from the AER during development and regeneration.

PubMed ID: 24823862
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: fgf10 fgf8 spry1 spry2 spry3 spry4

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