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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2015 Mar 17;11211:3386-91. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1502366112.
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L596-W733 bond between the start of the S4-S5 linker and the TRP box stabilizes the closed state of TRPV4 channel.

Teng J , Loukin SH , Anishkin A , Kung C .

Unlike other cation channels, each subunit of most transient receptor potential (TRP) channels has an additional TRP-domain helix with an invariant tryptophan immediately trailing the gate-bearing S6. Recent cryo-electron microscopy of TRP vanilloid subfamily, member 1 structures revealed that this domain is a five-turn amphipathic helix, and the invariant tryptophan forms a bond with the beginning of the four-turn S4-S5 linker helix. By homology modeling, we identified the corresponding L596-W733 bond in TRP vanilloid subfamily, member 4 (TRPV4). The L596P mutation blocks bone development in Kozlowski-type spondylometaphyseal dysplasia in human. Our previous screen also isolated W733R as a strong gain-of-function (GOF) mutation that suppresses growth when the W733R channel is expressed in yeast. We show that, when expressed in Xenopus oocytes, TRPV4 with the L596P or W733R mutation displays normal depolarization-induced activation and outward rectification. However, these mutant channels have higher basal open probabilities and limited responses to the agonist GSK1016790A, explaining their biological GOF phenotypes. In addition, W733R current fails to inactivate during depolarization. Systematic replacement of W733 with amino acids of different properties produced similar electrophysiological and yeast phenotypes. The results can be interpreted consistently in the context of the homology model of TRPV4 molecule we have developed and refined using simulations in explicit medium. We propose that this bond maintains the orientation of the S4-S5 linker to keep the S6 gate closed. Further, the two partner helices, both amphipathic and located at the polar-nonpolar interface of the inner lipid monolayer, may receive and integrate various physiological stimuli.

PubMed ID: 25737550
PMC ID: PMC4371962
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: trpv4

References [+] :
Anishkin, Feeling the hidden mechanical forces in lipid bilayer is an original sense. 2014, Pubmed