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Dev Growth Differ 2015 Jun 01;575:389-399. doi: 10.1111/dgd.12219.
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Asymmetrical allocation of JAK1 mRNA during spermatogonial stem cell division in Xenopus laevis.

Hyakutake K , Kawasaki T , Zhang J , Kubota H , Abe SI , Takamune K .

During Xenopus spermatogenesis, each primary spermatogonium (PG), the largest single cell in the testis, undergoes mitotic divisions with a concomitant decrease in size to produce smaller differentiating spermatogonia. The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) occur in this PG population. Taking advantage of identifiable and isolatable properties of Xenopus SSCs, we examined JAK1 gene expression during the spermatogenesis because there have been reports on the important role of JAK/STAT pathway in regulating the status of SSCs in Drosophila and mouse. Surprisingly, in situ hybridization revealed the presence of JAK1 mRNA in the differentiating spermatogonia and primary spermatocytes as well as some PGs. Inhibition of JAK1 activity in the testis caused a decrease in percentage of BrdU-incorporating spermatogonia, suggesting that JAK1 was at least involved in regulation of spermatogonial proliferation. Interestingly, single cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) clearly showed two different types of SSCs: SSCs with JAK1 mRNA (JAK1+ ) or without JAK1 mRNA (JAK1- ). Since JAK1- SSC level was increased by induction of testis regeneration, self-renewing SSCs were thought to be JAK1- . In addition, we found barrel-shaped PGs, in which JAK1 mRNA was localized asymmetrically to one half of the cell. The stainability with propidium iodide and morphology of two nuclei in the barrel-shaped PG were similar to those of PG nucleus. Based on the above observations, we propose the hypothesis that JAK1+ SSC is preparing for production of PGs destined to differentiate (destined PGs) and the accumulated JAK1 mRNA in the SSC is distributed exclusively into the destined PGs through mitotic division.

PubMed ID: 25988600
Article link: Dev Growth Differ

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: actl6a fshb gfra1 jak1 jak2 neurog3 tdrd6
Antibodies: Tdrd6 Ab1

Phenotypes: Xla Wt + AZD1480 (fig.4) [+]

Article Images: [+] show captions