XB-ART-5126Mol Pharmacol 2003 Jul 01;641:70-7. doi: 10.1124/mol.64.1.70.
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Molecular determinants of KCNQ1 channel block by a benzodiazepine.
KCNQ1 channels underlie the slow delayed rectifier K+ current, mediate repolarization of cardiac action potentials, and are a potential therapeutic target for treatment of arrhythmia. (E)-(+)-N-[(3R)-2,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2-oxo-5-phenyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepin-3-yl]-3-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-propenamide [L-735821 (L-7)] is a potent blocker of KCNQ1 channels. Here we describe the structural determinants of KCNQ1 that are critical for high-affinity block by L-7 using site-directed mutagenesis to alter specific residues and voltage clamp to record channel currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Chimeric channels were constructed by combination of regions from L-7-sensitive KCNQ1 and L-7-insensitive KCNQ2 channel subunits. This approach localized the drug interaction site to the pore and S6 domains of KCNQ1. Substitution of single amino acids identified Thr-312 of the pore domain and Ile-337, Phe-339, Phe-340, and Ala-344 of the S6 domain as the most important molecular determinants of channel block. Some mutations also altered the inactivation properties of KCNQ1, but there was no correlation between extent of inactivation and sensitivity to block by L-7. Modeling was used to simulate the docking of L-7 to the KCNQ1 channel pore. The docking was consistent with our experimental data and predicts that L-7 blocks K+ conductance by physically precluding the occupancy of a K+ ion to a pore helix-coordinated site within the central hydrated cavity, a crucial step in ion permeation.
PubMed ID: 12815162
Article link: Mol Pharmacol
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnq1 kcnq2