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Cell Physiol Biochem 2015 Jan 01;376:2454-63. doi: 10.1159/000438598.
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Up-Regulation of Voltage Gated K+ Channels Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 by Protein Kinase PKB/Akt.

Warsi J , Fezai M , Fores M , Elvira B , Lang F .

BACKGROUND: The voltage gated K+ channels Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 contribute to the orchestration of cell proliferation. Kinases participating in the regulation of cell proliferation include protein kinase B (PKB/Akt). The present study thus explored whether PKB/Akt modifies the abundance and function of Kv1.3 and Kv1.5. METHODS: Kv1.3 or Kv1.5 was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes with or without wild-type PKB/Akt, constitutively active T308D/S473DPKB/Akt or inactive T308A/S473APKB/Akt. The channel activity was quantified utilizing dual electrode voltage clamp. Moreover, HA-tagged Kv1.5 protein was determined utilizing chemiluminescence. RESULTS: Voltage gated K+ currents were observed in Kv1.3 or Kv1.5 expressing oocytes but not in water-injected oocytes or in oocytes expressing PKB/Akt alone. Co-expression of PKB/Akt or T308D/S473DPKB/Akt, but not co-expression of T308A/S473APKB/Akt significantly increased the voltage gated current in both Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 expressing oocytes. As shown for Kv1.5, co-expression of PKB/Akt enhanced the channel protein abundance in the cell membrane. In Kv1.5 expressing oocytes voltage gated current decreased following inhibition of carrier insertion by brefeldin A (5 µM) to similarly low values in the absence and presence of PKB/Akt, suggesting that PKB/Akt stimulated carrier insertion into rather than inhibiting carrier retrieval from the cell membrane. CONCLUSION: PKB/Akt up-regulates both, Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 K+ channels.

PubMed ID: 26666245
Article link: Cell Physiol Biochem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: akt1 kcna3 kcna5