Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol 2017 May 01;33:422-446. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.12.009.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

GATA4 Is Sufficient to Establish Jejunal Versus Ileal Identity in the Small Intestine.

Thompson CA , Wojta K , Pulakanti K , Rao S , Dawson P , Battle MA .

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patterning of the small intestinal epithelium along its cephalocaudal axis establishes three functionally distinct regions: duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Efficient nutrient assimilation and growth depend on the proper spatial patterning of specialized digestive and absorptive functions performed by duodenal, jejunal, and ileal enterocytes. When enterocyte function is disrupted by disease or injury, intestinal failure can occur. One approach to alleviate intestinal failure would be to restore lost enterocyte functions. The molecular mechanisms determining regionally defined enterocyte functions, however, are poorly delineated. We previously showed that GATA binding protein 4 (GATA4) is essential to define jejunal enterocytes. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that GATA4 is sufficient to confer jejunal identity within the intestinal epithelium. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we generated a novel Gata4 conditional knock-in mouse line and expressed GATA4 in the ileum, where it is absent. RESULTS: We found that GATA4-expressing ileum lost ileal identity. The global gene expression profile of GATA4-expressing ileal epithelium aligned more closely with jejunum and duodenum rather than ileum. Focusing on jejunal vs ileal identity, we defined sets of jejunal and ileal genes likely to be regulated directly by GATA4 to suppress ileal identity and promote jejunal identity. Furthermore, our study implicates GATA4 as a transcriptional repressor of fibroblast growth factor 15 (Fgf15), which encodes an enterokine that has been implicated in an increasing number of human diseases. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study refines our understanding of an important GATA4-dependent molecular mechanism to pattern the intestinal epithelium along its cephalocaudal axis by elaborating on GATA4's function as a crucial dominant molecular determinant of jejunal enterocyte identity. Microarray data from this study have been deposited into NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus ( and are accessible through GEO series accession number GSE75870.

PubMed ID: 28462382
PMC ID: PMC5404030
Article link: Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: abi3bp cd74 cdk4 csnk1g2 cyp7a1 dll1 ereg fabp1 fabp2 gata4 gata6 gsdme hprt1 lct.2 prkg1 prss23 rnf180 slc10a2 slc25a48 suox tmigd1

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Aronson, GATA4 represses an ileal program of gene expression in the proximal small intestine by inhibiting the acetylation of histone H3, lysine 27. 2014, Pubmed