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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Dec 09;5071-4:74-82. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.10.164.
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Targeting TPX2 suppresses proliferation and promotes apoptosis via repression of the PI3k/AKT/P21 signaling pathway and activation of p53 pathway in breast cancer.

Chen M , Zhang H , Zhang G , Zhong A , Ma Q , Kai J , Tong Y , Xie S , Wang Y , Zheng H , Guo L , Lu R .

Targeting protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2 (TPX2) is a microtubule-associated protein required for mitosis and spindle assembly. Previous studies showed that TPX2 is overexpressed in various human cancers and promotes cancer progression. In this study, the differentially expressed genes including TPX2 were screened in GEO database for gene expression microarray of breast cancer. The TPX2 expression level was significantly increased in breast cancer cells and the breast malignant tissues compared with those controls. In vitro experiment further confirmed that knockdown of TPX2 by small hairpin RNA inhibited breast cancer cell proliferatio, migration, and induced cell apoptosis. TPX2 silencing decreased the expression of PI3K and extent of AKT phosphorylation, as well as increased expression of p53 and p21. Taken together, our findings indicate that TPX2 silencing negatively regulates the PI3K/AKT and activates p53 signaling pathway by which breast cancer cells proliferation were inhibited whereas cellulars apoptosis were accelerated, suggesting that TPX2 may be a potential target for anticancer therapy in breast cancer.

PubMed ID: 30454896
Article link: Biochem Biophys Res Commun

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: akt1 bax cdkn1a mdm2 pik3ca pik3cg tp53 tpx2

Disease Ontology terms: breast cancer

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