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J Physiol Sci 2019 Jul 01;694:623-634. doi: 10.1007/s12576-019-00677-6.
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Identification and classification of a new TRPM3 variant (γ subtype).

Uchida K , Fukuta N , Yamazaki J , Tominaga M .

TRPM3 is a non-selective cation channel that is activated by neural steroids such as pregnenolone sulfate, nifedipine, and clotrimazole. Despite the number of TRPM3 variants, few reports have described functional analyses of these different TRPM3 types. Here we identified a new TRPM variant from mouse dorsal root ganglion, termed TRPM3γ3. We classified TRPM3γ3 and another known variant (variant 6) into the γ subtype, and analyzed the TRPM3γ variants. mRNA expression of TRPM3γ was higher than that of TRPM3α variants in the mouse dorsal root ganglion. In Ca2+-imaging of HEK293 cells expressing either the TRPM3γ variants or TRPM3α2, increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) induced by pregnenolone sulfate or nifedipine were smaller in cells expressing the TRPM3γ variants compared to those expressing TRPM3α2. On the other hand, co-expression of TRPM3γ variants had no effect on [Ca2+]i increases induced by pregnenolone sulfate or nifedipine treatment of HEK293 cells expressing TRPM3α2. In Xenopus oocytes, small responses of TRPM3γ variants to chemical agonists compared to TRPM3α2 were also observed. Interestingly, Xenopus oocytes expressing TRPM3α2 displayed heat-evoked currents with clear thresholds of about 40 °C that were larger than those evoked in oocytes expressing TRPM3γ variants. Overall, these findings indicate that TRPM3γ variants have low channel activity compared to TRPM3α.

PubMed ID: 31011981
PMC ID: PMC6583685
Article link: J Physiol Sci
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: neff1 trpm3

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Badheka, Inhibition of Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 3 ion channels by G-protein βγ subunits. 2017, Pubmed