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Arch Biochem Biophys 2020 Aug 15;689:108436. doi: 10.1016/
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HCN2 activation modulation: An electrophysiological and molecular study of the well-preserved LCI sequence in the pore channel.

Hernandez A , Hernández-Centeno R , Espino-Saldaña ÁE , Martínez-Torres A .

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels belong to the superfamily of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) and cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels. HCN channels contain the glycine-tyrosine-glycine (GYG) sequence that forms part of the selectivity filter, a similar structure than some potassium channels; however, they permeate both sodium and potassium, giving rise to an inward current. Yet a second amino acid sequence, leucine-cysteine-isoleucine (LCI), next to GYG, is well-preserved in all HCNs but not in the selective potassium channels. In this study we used site-directed mutagenesis and electrophysiology in frog oocytes to determine whether the LCI sequence affects the kinetics of HCN2 currents. Permeability and voltage dependence were evaluated, and we found a role of LCI in the gating mechanism combined with changes in ion permeability. The I residue resulted critical to this function.

PubMed ID: 32492375
Article link: Arch Biochem Biophys

Genes referenced: hcn2
GO keywords: voltage-gated potassium channel activity [+]