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J Biol Chem 2003 Apr 04;27814:12285-93. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M209008200.
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Characterization of the Xenopus galectin family. Three structurally different types as in mammals and regulated expression during embryogenesis.

Shoji H , Nishi N , Hirashima M , Nakamura T .

We have isolated six novel galectin cDNAs from a Xenopus laevis kidney cDNA library. The newly identified X. laevis galectins (xgalectins) comprise one proto type (xgalectin-Vb), one chimera type (xgalectin-VIIa), and four tandem repeat types (xgalectin-IIb, -IIIb, -VIa, and -VIIIa). Thus, together with those mentioned in our previous work (Shoji, H., Nishi, N., Hirashima, M., and Nakamura, T. (2002) Glycobiology 12, 163-172), the 12 xgalectins are classified into three types based on their domain structures, as in mammals. The xgalectins whose counterparts in other species have not been identified (xgalectin-IVa, -Vb, and -VIa) were confirmed to possess lactose-binding activity by expression of their recombinant forms. This shows that they truly function as animal lectins. The protein purification study revealed that the major xgalectins in kidney are xgalectin-Ib, -IIa, -IIb, -IIIa, and -VIIa. The mRNAs of xgalectin-IIb, -IIIb, -Vb, and -VIa were localized to specific adult tissues, whereas those of xgalectin-VIIa and -VIIIa were broadly distributed. The temporal expression patterns of the mRNAs of the 12 xgalectins during embryogenesis were analyzed and categorized into three groups: 1) mRNA observed to exist throughout embryogenesis, i.e. maternal mRNA also exists (xgalectin-Ia, -IIa, -IIIa, -IIIb, -Va, -VIIa, and -VIIIa); 2) mRNA observed from the gastrula stage (xgalectin-VIa); and 3) mRNA observed from the tail bud or the tadpole stage (xgalectin-Ib, -IIb, -IVa, and -Vb). The mRNA of the most abundant xgalectin in embryos, xgalectin-VIIa, was localized to the surface layer of embryos, the epidermis, the cement gland, and various placodes. Xgalectin-VIIa protein was also observed to exist throughout embryogenesis by Western blot analysis with specific antiserum. These results show that the expression of each member is spatiotemporally regulated from eggs to adulthood, suggesting that galectins play multiple roles not only in adults, but also in development.

PubMed ID: 12538594
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cga gal.1 lgals1.1 lgals3 lgals4.2 lgals9b odc1 tbl1x

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