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Biomolecules 2022 Oct 04;1210:. doi: 10.3390/biom12101422.
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Human Melanocortin-2 Receptor: Identifying a Role for Residues in the TM4, EC2, and TM5 Domains in Activation and Trafficking as a Result of Co-Expression with the Accessory Protein, Mrap1 in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells.

Davis PV , Shaughnessy CA , Dores RM .

Human melanocortin-2 receptor (hMC2R) co-expressed with the accessory protein mouse (m)MRAP1 in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells has been used as a model system to investigate the activation and trafficking of hMC2R. A previous study had shown that the N-terminal domain of mMRAP1 makes contact with one of the extracellular domains of hMC2R to facilitate activation of hMC2R. A chimeric receptor paradigm was used in which the extracellular domains of hMC2R were replaced with the corresponding domains from Xenopus tropicalis MC1R, a receptor that does not interact with MRAP1, to reveal that EC2 (Extracellular domain 2) is the most likely contact site for hMC2R and mMRAP1 to facilitate activation of the receptor following an ACTH binding event. Prior to activation, mMRAP1 facilitates the trafficking of hMC2R from the ER to the plasma membrane. This process is dependent on the transmembrane domain (TM) of mMRAP1 making contact with one or more TMs of hMC2R. A single alanine substitution paradigm was used to identify residues in TM4 (i.e., I163, M165), EC2 (F167), and TM5 (F178) that play a role in the trafficking of hMC2R to the plasma membrane. These results provide further clarification of the activation mechanism for hMC2R.

PubMed ID: 36291631
PMC ID: PMC9599514
Article link: Biomolecules

Genes referenced: mc1r pomc pycard

References [+] :
Barney, Elephant shark melanocortin receptors: Novel interactions with MRAP1 and implication for the HPI axis. 2019, Pubmed