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Genes Genomics 2023 Feb 01;452:157-167. doi: 10.1007/s13258-022-01350-w.
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Ckb and Ybx2 interact with Ribc2 and are necessary for the ciliary beating of multi-cilia.

Kwon KY , Jeong H , Jang DG , Kwon T , Park TJ .

BACKGROUND: Motile cilia in a vertebrate are important to sustaining activities of life. Fluid flow on the apical surface of several tissues, including bronchial epithelium, ependymal epithelium, and fallopian tubules is generated by the ciliary beating of motile cilia. Multi-ciliated cells in ependymal tissue are responsible for the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is essential for the development and homeostasis of the central nervous system, and airway tissues are protected from external contaminants by cilia-driven mucosal flow over the top of the airway epithelium. OBJECTIVE: A previous study reported that reduction of Ribc2 protein leads to disruption of ciliary beating in multi-ciliated cells. However, knowledge regarding the molecular function of Ribc2 is limited, thus currently available information is also limited. Therefore, we evaluated the importance of proteins involved in the interaction with Ribc2 in the process of ciliary beating. METHODS: Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry analysis was performed for the discovery of proteins involved in the interaction with Ribc2. Expression of the target gene was inhibited by injection of antisense morpholinos and measurement of the fluid flow on the embryonic epidermis of Xenopus was performed using fluorescent beads for examination of the ciliary beating of multi cilia. In addition, the flag-tagged protein was expressed by injection of mRNA and the changes in protein localization in the cilia were measured by immunostaining and western blot analysis for analysis of the molecular interaction between Ribc2 and Ribc2 binding proteins in multi-cilia. RESULTS: The IP/MS analysis identified Ckb and Ybx2 as Ribc2 binding proteins and our results showed that localization of both Ckb and Ybx2 occurs at the axoneme of multi-cilia on the embryonic epithelium of Xenopus laevis. In addition, our findings confirmed that knock-down of Ckb or Ybx2 resulted in abnormal ciliary beating and reduction of cilia-driven fluid flow on multi-cilia of Xenopus laevis. In addition, significantly decreased localization of Ckb or Ybx2 in the ciliary axoneme was observed in Ribc2-depleted multi-cilia. CONCLUSION: Ckb and Ybx2 are involved in the interaction with Ribc2 and are necessary for the ciliary beating of multi-cilia.

PubMed ID: 36508087
Article link: Genes Genomics

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ckb ribc2 ybx2