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J Morphol 2023 Mar 01;2843:e21561. doi: 10.1002/jmor.21561.
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Ocular microvasculature in adult Xenopus laevis: Scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts.

Lametschwandtner A , Minnich B .

The microvascular anatomy of choriocapillaris, iris, ciliary body, and superficial vascular hyaloid system of eyes was studied in the permanent aquatic Xenopus laevis by scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts and was compared with that published in two semiaquatic ranid species (Rana esculenta and Rana temporaria), and the urodelian species Triturus criststus carnifex. Results showed that the choriocapillaris in Xenopus consisted of a dense meshwork of wide capillaries displaying polygonal arrays at the scleral side with venules leaving the centers and arterioles supplied from the periphery. The choriocapillaris lacked the multilayered capillary meshwork described in ranids. Iris and ciliary body were supplied by nasal and temporal branches of the iridial artery, which either originated with a common stem from the hyaloid artery or arose as individual vessels from the proximal portions of the semicircular nasal and temporal branches of the hyaloid artery. These branches ran in the pupillary margin and supplied the two-dimensional capillary network of the iris, as well as the three-dimensional network of the ciliary body. Iris and ciliary body drained via parallel running vasa recta into the choriocapillaris. The superficial vascular hyaloid bed (system) was supplied by the hyaloid artery. This artery coursed along the scleral surface of the ventrotemporal choriocapillaris toward the ora serrata, where it bifurcated into a temporal and a nasal semicircular branch. Seven to 10 arterial meridional twigs arose from these branches and supplied the superficial hyaloid capillary bed. Capillaries drained into branches of the hyaloid vein, which ascended toward the ora serrata, where the hyaloid vein joined the temporal branch of the ciliary vein.

PubMed ID: 36719276
Article link: J Morphol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ddx4
GO keywords: eye development

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