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XB-ART-59704
Cancer Res Commun 2022 Dec 01;212:1669-1683. doi: 10.1158/2767-9764.CRC-22-0350.
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The Splicing Factor PTBP1 Represses TP63 γ Isoform Production in Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Taylor W , Deschamps S , Reboutier D , Paillard L , Méreau A , Audic Y .


Abstract
UNLABELLED: The TP63 gene encodes the p63 transcription factor. It is frequently amplified or overexpressed in squamous cell carcinomas. Owing to alternative splicing, p63 has multiple isoforms called α, β, γ, and δ. The regulatory functions of p63 are isoform specific. The α isoform inhibits the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and controls apoptosis, while the γ isoform promotes EMT. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas data, we observed that a higher proportion of the TP63γ isoform is a detrimental factor for the survival of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and is accompanied by the downregulation of desmosomal genes. By a correlation-based approach, we investigated the regulation of the production of the TP63γ isoform. According to our analysis of GTEx data, the expression of the RNA-binding protein PTBP1 (polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1) is negatively correlated with the abundance of TP63γ in several tissues. Accordingly, we demonstrated that PTBP1 depletion in HNSCC cell lines, keratinocyte or Xenopus embryos leads to an increase in TP63γ isoform abundance. By RNA immunoprecipitation and in vitro interaction assays, we showed that PTBP1 directly binds to TP63 pre-mRNA in close proximity to the TP63γ-specific exon. Intronic regions around the TP63γ-specific exon were sufficient to elicit a PTBP1-dependent regulation of alternative splicing in a splice reporter minigene assay. Together, these results identify TP63γ as an unfavorable prognostic marker in HNSCC, and identify PTBP1 as the first direct splicing regulator of TP63γ production and a potential route toward TP63 isoform control. SIGNIFICANCE: Quantifying TP63γ isoforms in patients' tumors could allow for the early detection of patients with HNSCC with an early loss in desmosomal gene expression and poor prognostic. The identification of PTBP1 as a transacting factor controlling TP63γ production may allow to control TP63γ expression.

PubMed ID: 36970727
PMC ID: PMC10035508
Article link: Cancer Res Commun


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cpa1 eno2 itk pcna ptbp1 ptbp2 tp63
GO keywords: epithelial cell development [+]
Morpholinos: ptbp1 MO1

Disease Ontology terms: breast carcinoma [+]
Phenotypes: Xla Wt + ptbp1 MO (Fig. S6 B C)

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Amin, Best practices recommendations in the application of immunohistochemistry in urologic pathology: report from the International Society of Urological Pathology consensus conference. 2014, Pubmed